What is the Difference Between Gynecology and Obstetrics?
If you are looking for a women’s health doctor, then good for you for taking care of your health! You have come to the right place. Great City Medical specializes in women’s health and provides ob/GYN services in NYC.
But if you are confused or nervous—don’t worry! You are not alone.
Women’s health care can be confusing. You’ve probably heard of a gynecologist, an obstetrician, or an ob/GYN. But what do each of these doctors do? What health issues do each of them help with? Which type of doctor is right for your medical needs? Keep reading to learn the answers to these questions and more!
What is a gynecologist?
A gynecologist is a medical doctor who specializes in caring for women’s reproductive health. This can broadly encompass many sexual health issues, including screening for sexually transmitted diseases, screening for cancers and other diseases of the reproductive organs, prescribing birth control, monitoring menstruation health, and more.
Gynecologists can care for patients from the age they get their first period or become sexually active through menopause. They help with women’s health issues through all ages.
While gynecologists specialize in many areas of the reproductive system, they do not specialize in pregnancy care and do not treat pregnant women.
What does a gynecologist do?
A gynecologist performs a gynecological exam or a physical exam that checks your overall reproductive health and wellness. Young women need to receive this exam annually starting from ages 18 to 21 or whenever they become sexually active. However, some irregularities like an odd menstrual cycle or severe pelvic pain can warrant a GYN exam sooner.
During an exam, gynecologists can help with a wide variety of women’s health needs. Gynecology includes but is not limited to:
- Annual exams
- Pelvic exams
- Pap smears
- Cancer screenings (ovarian, cervical, uterine, breast)
- Breast exams
- STD testing
- Urinary tract infections (UTIs)
- Menstruations’ care
- Infertility consultation
- Uterine fibroids
- Ovarian cysts
- Prolapse of pelvic organs
- Gynecological surgeries, including hysterectomy, tubal ligation, and labiaplasty
- Any other medical conditions related to the female reproductive system, which includes the cervix, uterus, ovaries, fallopian tubes, or vagina
- Reproductive health education
What is an obstetrician?
While often confused with a gynecologist, an obstetrician has very different responsibilities and can help with different health needs. An obstetrician is a medical doctor who specializes in pregnancy care, including everything from prenatal care to postpartum care.
They will help you have a healthy pregnancy and deliver a healthy baby so that you and your family can feel your best. They help the process be safer and more predictable for you and the baby.
You only need to see an obstetrics specialist if you are pregnant or trying to get pregnant. They do not provide standard gynecology care services.
What does an obstetrician do?
An obstetrician is a pregnancy specialist. Your obstetrician will be with you throughout every step of your pregnancy journey. An obstetrician’s duties can include but are not limited to:
- Family planning
- Prenatal care
- Fertility treatments
- Routine pregnancy check-ups
- Genetic screening
- Monitoring for signs of fetal distress
- Fetal medicine
- Ectopic pregnancy
- Labor care
- Delivering a baby
- Childbirth through cesarean section (C-section)
- Premature baby and NICU care
- Post-natal care
- Postpartum depression care
What is an ob/GYN?
While it might sound like alphabet soup, and ob/GYN is simply an obestetrician-gynecologist, or a medical doctor who specializes in both fields.
Many women may prefer to visit an ob/GYN as their regular women’s health care provider because they can be with them throughout every step of their reproductive health journey and birthing process. The majority of women chose to see the same ob/GYN for many years once they find a doctor they like. This allows them to build a close, trusted relationship with their doctor.
Why do you need to see an ob/GYN?
Whether you decide to go with a gynecologist or ob/GYN, it is important to regularly visit a women’s health care professional. If you are planning to get pregnant or are already pregnant, than you should have a gynecologist and an obstetrician, or an ob/GYN.
These medical professionals can help improve your quality of life, provide life-saving care, and answer any questions you have about your reproductive health or pregnancy.
If you are feeling at all uncomfortable about visiting your gyno or ob/GYN for the first time, you’re welcome to bring a female family member or friend, or request a nurse chaperone to accompany you during your appointment. You never have to be alone with the doctor if you don’t wish to be.
Great City Medical ob/GYN services
Whether you’re looking for a standard annual gynecologist exam or surgical procedures, we can perform all our services at our state-of-the-art medical center and provide you with the quality gynecologic care you deserve.
Our women’s reproductive health specialists provide excellent medical care and help you take care of your overall health and wellbeing. Our Dr. Yelena Tsyba is a board-certified ob/GYN who can provide all of the services listed above.
Make an ob/GYN appointment today!
If you are looking for the best ob/GYN in the NYC area, you’ve come to the right place! Caring for women’s health is our specialty at Great City Medical. If you have any reproductive health concerns, our Dr. Yelena Tsyba is a board-certified provider who is happy to help.