The type of birth control you choose will depend on various factors. Dr. Tsyba will help you navigate health concerns, lifestyle needs, and any risk factors to find a convenient method of contraception that works for you.
Different types of birth control may include:
- Natural methods —fertility awareness (such as the rhythm method and natural family planning)
- Barrier methods— latex condoms, female condoms, cervical caps, and diaphragms, along with additions such as spermicide.
- Hormonal methods— birth control pills (oral contraceptives), a vaginal ring such as the Nuvaring, patch, or injections of the hormone progestin (Depo-Provera®). Longer-acting methods include choices like IUDs and birth control implants in the upper arm (Nexplanon®)
- Emergency contraception —referred to as the “morning-after pill or Plan B”
- Permanent birth control— tubal ligation, in which the fallopian tubes are blocked in female patients (or vasectomy for men)
Women looking for long-acting reversible contraceptives often turn to intrauterine devices (IUDs) to deliver long-lasting protection from pregnancy. This choice is one of the most effective means of long-term pregnancy prevention and can be inserted by your Ob/GYN.
The IUD is a low-maintenance form of birth control because it lasts for several years and you don’t have to take a daily pill.
The IUD is a low-maintenance form of birth control because it lasts for several years and you don’t have to take a daily pill. It can help you take control of your reproductive health while keeping the option open to have children later, should you change your mind.
IUDs are tiny T-shaped devices implanted directly into the uterus by your doctor or healthcare provider. Hormonal IUDs release a small but steady amount of progestin, a naturally occurring hormone. Progestin thickens the cervical mucus, which helps prevent sperm from binding to the egg. It also thins the uterine lining, preventing fertilized eggs from implanting in the uterus.
Non-hormonal IUDs, also called copper IUDs, release a small amount of copper ions into the uterine lining. This results in the same effects as hormonal IUD methods but without the use of hormones.
Once inserted, IUDs require no further pregnancy-prevention efforts to be effective. Depending on what kind you get, IUDs protect against pregnancy for five to ten years. IUDs are more than 99% effective, which is higher than most other types of contraception.