The type of birth control you choose will depend on a variety of factors. Dr. Tsyba will help you navigate health concerns, lifestyle needs, and any risk factors so that you have a convenient method, and — more importantly — contraception that works.
Different types of birth control may include:
- Natural methods —fertility awareness (such as the rhythm method and natural family planning)
- Barrier methods— latex condoms, female condoms, cervical caps, and diaphragms along with aids such as
- Hormonal methods— birth control pills (oral contraceptives), a vaginal ring such as the Nuvaring, patch, or injections of the hormone progestin (Depo-Provera®). Longer-acting methods include choices like IUDs and birth control implants in the upper arm (Nexplanon®)
- Emergency contraception —referred to as the “morning-after pill.”
- Permanent birth control— tubal ligation, in which the fallopian tubes are blocked in female patients (or vasectomy for men)
Women looking for a long-term birth control method often turn to intrauterine devices to deliver long-lasting protection from pregnancy. This choice is one of the most effective means of long term pregnancy prevention.
Unlike other forms of birth control, the IUD requires little maintenance and no complicated scheduling. It can help you take control of your sexual health while preserving the chance to have children, later on, should you change your mind.
IUDs are tiny T-shaped devices implanted by your doctor or healthcare provider directly into the uterus. Hormonal IUDs release a small but ongoing amount of progestin, a naturally occurring hormone. It changes the uterine environment by thickening cervical mucus — which helps prevent sperm from binding to the egg — and thinning the uterine lining, which prevents implantation.
Non-hormonal IUDs, or copper IUDs, release a small amount of copper into the uterine lining, causing the same effects as hormonal IUD methods.
Once correctly placed, IUDs require no further pregnancy-prevention efforts to be effective. This birth control works to protect against pregnancy for five to ten years and is more than 99% effective, more efficient than oral contraceptive use.